Топик (сочинение) по английскому языку на тему «Литература / Literature »
Что такое классическая литература?
What does it mean to call something "classic"? At once, the term implies age or antiquity, but the word also implies the material is somehow valuable. It somehow shapes what comes in later time periods. When traditional literary scholars refer to classical literature, they usually mean that this literature is widely acknowledged as having outstanding or enduring qualities. Often, Shakespeare's King Lear is considered a classic of English literature and The Scarlet Letter in American literature.
When scholars are speaking more specifically, however, the term classic is usually applied to the literature of the ancient world (Greek and Rome), especially between 1000 BCE and 410 CE. Literature written during this same interval in other cultures might be referred to as "Classical Hebrew" or "Classical Chinese" literature as well. You can download a PDF handout listing all the major periods of literary history in Western culture here, to see where the classical period fits in.
For the purposes of this website, we currently limit ourselves to Classical China, Classical Greece, Classical Rome, and the Bible as literature. Some of these sections are still under construction!
You can click below on the appropriate category that interests you. If the jargon becomes too thick, you can click on my list of Literary Terms to find useful definitions in alphabetical order.